The dyslexia is a lack of written language that touches the reading skills’ acquisition and that has no specific cause. People with dyslexia sometimes present with other disorders, such as dysphasia (difficulty speaking), dyspraxia (difficulty performing gestures), dyscalculia (difficulty using numbers), dysorthography and dysgraphia (difficulty in writing), commonly referred to as “ dys disorders ”.
The dyslexic child
Dyslexia is usually detected when a child is learning how to read and shows clear signs of learning difficulties: he has trouble identifying letters, syllables or words. However, not all dyslexic children have the same problems. It is important to emphasize that the onset of dyslexia is not linked to the methods of teaching reading: one is born dyslexic or not.
Although no study provides reliable figures on the proportion of people with dyslexia in France, it is estimated that 4% to 5% of students in an age group are dyslexic. (Source: FFDYS ). According to the WHO, the proportion of dyslexic children is three times higher in boys than in girls.
The dyslexic adult
Adults have the same difficulties as children when it comes to reading and understanding written materials. Dyslexia being a "lasting" disorder, this means that the atypical functioning of the brain is present from childhood: one does not become dyslexic in adulthood.
On the other hand, one can be diagnosed late, which is explained in particular by the fact that it was for a long time impossible to clearly detect this disorder, the progress of neuroscience in the matter being very recent. The diagnosis is made, for both adults and children, through a series of tests carried out by speech therapists and psychomotor therapists.
Dyslexia in everyday life
Since this is a disorder that specifically affects reading and language acquisition, a person with dyslexia mainly experiences two difficulties in their daily life:
· Read “normally”, ie at standard speed, without stumbling over complex words and understanding the meaning of the text.
· Write "normally", that is to say without inverting the letters and respecting the spelling rules.
Slowness and difficulty in reading and writing can be badly experienced and have a negative impact on quality of life: loss of self-confidence, worthlessness, anxiety, feeling of injustice, etc.
In dyslexic children in particular, taking their needs into account can only be beneficial to their development.
What to do? Here are some recommendations:
· Create a nearby calm environment, structured and reassuring as possible.
· Provide them with tools and techniques to manage their emotions.
· Reducing their working time and clearly distributing their tasks.
· Create simple rituals to structure the time.
· Allow them to discover new sources of learning, other than the written medium.
What does sophrology bring to people with dyslexia?
Sophrology support provides easy-to-use tools for a better daily life:
· Better manage concentration
· Encourage reflection, in a calm and collected manner
· Discover new sensations
· Improve the ability to learn and remember
· Better manage stressful or embarrassing situations
· Develop self-confidence,
· Gain autonomy
· Etc ...
You will find more information in the sheet dedicated to dyslexia .
And if you want to test a sophrology session to improve your dyslexic daily life, I invite you to contact me!