Understanding and living with "dys " disorders : dysgraphia

Dysgraphia is a disorder in the acquisition of writing or in its execution. It manifests itself concretely by slow handwriting and a result that is difficult to read. The so-called “dysgraphic” people write poorly but without this handicap being linked to a psychological, physical or intellectual deficit.

The child and dysgraphia

Dysgraphia affects about 10% of children . Usually, dysgraphia is accompanied by other learning disabilities, such as attention deficit disorder (ADHD) or dyslexia .

Among the signs of a potential dysgraphia, one can easily observe from the first grade when a child has great difficulty in learning to write:

· The writing gesture is not automatic, even if he holds his pencil well, is perfectly capable of making “stick” letters and of drawing well.

· The writing gesture is slow, the letters are not attached and their shape is hazardous.

· There are many errors, punctuation marks are often forgotten, line breaks are random.

A consultation with an occupational therapist and an assessment make it possible to diagnose dysgraphia: the number of words written, the number of errors and the graphic quality are compared to the average age group of the child.

How to improve your quality of life when you have dysgraphia ?

Writing is an everyday activity, the inability to write correctly can have serious consequences on self-esteem. Since dysgraphia is a persistent disorder that cannot be completely cured, paying close attention to each writing gesture can be exhausting and lead to “cognitive overload”. Computer writing, even if it does not solve everything, allows the dysgraphic to relieve the pressure of applied manual writing.

It is possible to improve writing speed and readability thanks to graphic rehabilitation work with a psychomotor therapist or graphotherapist . These specialists help in particular to correct fine motor skills, posture and coordination.

The intervention of a speech therapist is also recommended in the event of dysgraphia linked to a language disorder. These methods are effective if cared for early , that is to say before the child enters high school. When writing, even clumsy, has been acquired for several years, it is better to switch to keyboard writing.

Sophrology brings many benefits in supporting people suffering from dysgraphia: relaxation exercises, mindfulness and letting go are indeed strongly recommended to help restore writing desire and learn to relieve the cognitive pressure.

You will find more information in the sheet dedicated to dysgraphia, which you can download.

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