For children, playing is an important part of their life from an early age. Thus, a toddler begins to enjoy learning. The game has positive effects on all its development.
The different developments
When a child handles objects, looks at them and puts them in his mouth, he discovers their colors, textures, shapes, sounds… He discovers his environment.
The games also give him the opportunity to run, jump, throw a ball, to perform acrobatics. Physically, it strengthens his muscles, his skill and his sense of the balance.
From an intellectual point of view
Through play, children develop their thinking and their ability to solve problems. The baby, through repetition, understands that his gesture induces a result. Play also promotes creativity and imagination, especially when a child makes up stories.
Play allows the child to learn to live with others. Indeed, the latter learns to share, to be patient, to make compromises and to settle small disputes.
By playing, the child learns to say new words, to express his ideas and to be understood by others.
Newer and more in-depth research shows that play, the act of playing freely, is of paramount importance for cognitive and social development. Shall I explain?
As seen previously, the game develops cooperation, language, social skills but not only….
Thanks to games, problem solving is achieved: children who play a lot develop original thinking more easily and creative activities such as construction games or Legos particularly stimulate this ability.
The same goes for self-control: through duelling games, children learn to become aware of their emotions and their impulses. The game, the situations of the game help them to better regulate them.
Play also helps develop the ability to think about hypothetical facts, especially in role playing. And during this time, new nerve cells grow, it was seen in laboratory mice. Thus, the cerebral cortex, the hippocampus and the amygdala produce proteins that stimulate the growth of neurons.
In addition, while playing, the child experiences a range of expressions and uses a language very different from that used in the presence of an adult. By making complex constructions with cubes, children develop their language and math skills. Likewise, by playing and bickering with other children, he will also learn to better manage conflicts.
The game also develops attention. The pupils are thus more attentive in class if they have been able to play during recess, without instructions from an adult. A break of 10 to 20 minutes is necessary.
From an early age, animal studies show that quiet play predisposes you to an even and composed mood in adulthood.
How then to encourage play in children?
Playing is a natural activity for a child, he plays spontaneously. However, there may be times when a child may not have enough time to have fun.
Some ideas to promote daily play:
· Give the child the opportunity to play as often as possible and give him time
· Provide various toys and accessories with which the child can play
· Offer different activities in different places
· Go outside often. When children play outside, they move more, take small risks, take on challenges and gain confidence.
· Let the child play freely alone or with other children. When he decides what he wants to play and how he wants to play, he develops his creativity and his ability to solve problems.
So, shall we play?!